Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

On this page you can find answers to some frequently asked questions on the topic of labour market integration in Hungary. 

Looking for a job 

A beneficiary of international protection is a person who was granted a refugee status, a subsidiary protection or a temporary protection.

A refugee status is granted to a person „whose life and liberty are threatened in his/her country of origin on account of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, or whose fear of being subject to persecution is well founded, and who currently resides in the territory of Hungary and submits an application for asylum.”

A beneficiary of subsidiary protection „does not qualify as a refugee but in respect of whom there is reason to believe that the person concerned, if returned to his/her country of origin would face a real risk of suffering serious harm, and is unable, or, owing to such risk, unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of that country.

The temporary protection „may be granted to groups leaving their home country in masses, on the basis of the decision of the Council of the European Union or the Government. Parliament grants temporary protection to foreign nationals arriving to Hungary in masses on account of being forced to flee their country due to an armed conflict, civil war, ethnic conflict or the general, systematic and gross violation of human rights, in particular torture, or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.

Hungarian Immigration and Asylum Office definitions

Asylum-seekers are allowed to work nine months after they made their asylum claim. If you find a job, your employer will need to apply for a work permit for you to be legally permited to work. 

In Hungary, the law requires third country nationals to obtain work permits to be legally allowed to work. However, beneficiaries of international protection are exempted from this rule, so you do not need to obtain a work permit to be legally allowed to work.

If you have never been to school and you want to begin studies, there are several NGOs providing classes for adults. You can find information about them here.

If you would rather find a job, you can have your skills recognized through different ways such as IT skills test, volunteering or higher education. You can find more information on how to have your skills recognized on this page.

You have the possibility of pursuing studies in Hungary. To know how to complete your studies, you can review this page to have information on the different universities where you could pursue your training.  

You can have your diploma/certificates recognized in Hungary to be able to look for jobs. You can find information on the institutions in charge of the recognition of diplomas here.

If you do not have a copy of your diplomas, you can have your skills recognized through different ways, such as IT skills test, volunteering or higher education.  You can find more information on how to have your skills recognized on this page.

Different NGOs are working to support migrants’ access to the labor market through a various set of activities. They can assist you in creating a CV and a cover letter, but also provide support on other aspects of your job search, such as career guidance or job interview training. You can find more information on this page.

Several universities propose English-speaking programs and do not require fluency in Hungarian for the pursuit of studies. You can find information on universities here.

The same way, there are job opportunities that do not require Hungarian language skills, or only a limited proficiency. However, if you want to be able to have more opportunities, speaking Hungarian will be preferable, and will ease your everyday life. You can find information on Hungarian lessons here.

However, if you want to be able to have more opportunities, speaking Hungarian will be preferable, and will ease your everyday life. You can find information on Hungarian lessons here.

Hungary implemented several regulations for equal opportunities for disabled people and their social integration. You can also benefit from a state disability allowance which does not depend on your income.

The minimum wage is the minimum salary that employers must legally pay to workers. In 2017, the national minimum salary in Hungary is 127.500 HUF/month. The guaranteed minimum wage for professional workers is 161.000 HUF/month. Updated wages and information within the EU context can be found here and here.

As for the first semester 2017, the gross average salary in Hungary is 288.900 forint. Differences arise in relation to location (capital or countryside, West or East), the working sector, the working experience and the company’s size. The gross average salary is generally higher in the financial, insurance and business sectors (568.800 HUF) and lower in the healthcare and social fields (178.900 HUF). More information can be found here and here.

According to a ManPowerGroup research, the most demanded positions in the Hungarian labour market are:

Skilled trades (electricians, carpenters, welders, bricklayers, plumbers, masons etc.); drivers (truck, lorry, heavy goods, delivery, heavy equipment and construction drivers); engineers (mechanical, electrical, civil engineers); restaurant and hotel staff; doctors and other non-nursing related health professionals; IT personnel (developers, programmers, database administrators, IT leaders and managers); supervisors; accounting and finance staff (bookkeepers, certified accountants and financial analysts); nurses; and laborers.

The most needed hard skills in the labour market are technical skills and IT knowledge. The most needed soft skills are problem-solving and communication skills, flexibility, intercultural understanding, team-working skills and leadership attitude. The knowledge of the Hungarian language is an asset.

Looking for an employee

According to growing evidence from academia and practice, the benefits are the following: 
- Diversity leads to a stronger workforce where individuals can share and learn from each other
- Migration enhances global competitiveness
- Migration allows companies to address labour shortages and specific skill needs
- Migrants represent an expanded customer base, often creating new market opportunities
- Better integrated migrants are successful due to higher motivation and productivity, and display higher loyalty towards their employer, resulting in less turnover and absenteeism
- A diverse workplace boosts competitiveness and innovation among employees
- Migration allows businesses to engage with local communities, often composed of migrants
- Migration allows businesses to engage with governments, for or against migration policies

When employing a third country national, you must first make a workforce demand at the Hungarian Labour Office, and after 15 days, apply for a work permit on behalf of your employee. However, beneficiaries of international protection are exempted from that requirement. Employing a beneficiary of international protection has the same legal and administrative consequences for your company as employing a Hungarian citizen. You can find detailed information here (HU).

Some NGOs propose special trainings for companies to learn the management of international teams. These trainings are focused on diversity management and interculturality, and aim at teaching  how to work in multicultural environments. You can find information on the NGOs giving these kind of trainings on this page.

Offering to help a migrant find a job

If you are willing to support a refugee to develop his/her skills and to find a job, you can volunteer in the different NGOs that are working to foster migrants integration in the labour market and in society. You can find them all listed here.

If you want to create your own initiative to support refugees integration on the labour market, you can find information to help you on this page.

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