Almost two thirds of all migrants going to Slovakia are from EU countries. The number of asylum seekers and refugees in Slovakia is traditionally very low compared to other countries.

The Slovak Republic grants two types of international protection: asylum and subsidiary protection. Most beneficiaries of international protection in Slovakia are granted subsidiary protection. Both categories entail a similar governmental approach towards integration and are entitled to the same services and rights regarding the recognition of skills, competencies and access to the labour market. However, beneficiaries of subsidiary protection are granted a temporary residence permit for 1 year with repeated prolongation for 2 years and, eventually, after 5 years the possibility to apply for a long-term residence permit. Those who are granted asylum receive a permanent residence permit for an unlimited period. The access to the labour market for this group depends on the stage of the asylum process. Asylum seekers are free to access the labour market 9 months after submitting their asylum application. Both beneficiaries of international protection (hereafter referred to jointly as “refugees”) have free and unrestricted access to the labour market immediately after receiving a status.


About Skills2Work

The Skills2Work project aims to promote labour market integration of refugees* by promoting the early validation of formal and informal skills and competences. This is achieved by supporting the reception framework and capacities of relevant authorities, service providers and employers, and by enhancing access to information and services regarding the recognition of skills and qualifications of refugees.  

*For the sake of clarity and simplicity, the term "refugees"  is used on this website to refer to all beneficiaries of international protection (both Geneva Convention refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection).

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